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災害対策・減災DISASTER / PREVENTION / RESILIENCE

Toppage > Disaster > About Disaster

About DisasterAntidisaster HeadquarterEmergency ClassificationdisasterShelterStay in Car車中泊
StorageSupport SuppliesSurvival Confirmationdisaster in cominglibraryOur Research

[When a disaster occurs, please click here.]


About Disaster

災害(東日本大震災・岩手県大槌町)

Type of the disaster

Japan has many earthquakes.
There are many people thinking that the disaster is an earthquake.

The disasters including a heavy rain and the thunderbolt are various.

The second disaster including inundation and the fire occurs.

Besides the natural disaster, there is a man-made disaster.
A fire occurs due to setting fires and the accidental fire.
A railroad and the airplane are safe, but may develop an accident.
Water pipe may burst.
Water pipe may burst.
Terrorism has occurred in Japan in 1995.


East Japan great earthquake disaster occurred on March 11, 2011.
A tsunami more than 30 meters in height occurred.
(The apartment of the photograph center remained. The photograph is Ootsuchi-cho, Iwate)



The scale estimate of the disaster

The disaster varies in a scale by a type, contents, weather, time, etc.
It is a good thing you assume the worst case, and to take measures.
When a disaster occurred, we want to omit the useless process.
The reasonable support saves life.

We investigate it thoroughly not to become the worst case.
It is pressed for choice then.

We think that it is important to estimate a scale quickly after a disaster occurred.



A disaster to require preparations

It is important that anyone prepares for all disasters.
However, it is not easy.
The particularly important disaster should think about something for oneself.

Is the organization a company? school? family?
For the school where a student goes to on foot, the preparation to aircraft accident is not important.
However, the school needs preparations because the effect of the heavy rain is big.

When we think about a fire, training of the fire fighting is conducted if it is a company.
In the case of the fire of the elementary school, the child trains a refuge method.

What is the thing which an organization should protect?
What is the social responsibility which an organization should achieve?



A life infrastructure halt

An infrastructure break worsens a social life

Water:
If there is bottle drink, you can get the drinking water
However, the suspension of water supply is troubled because a lavatory and a bath are not usable.
A hygiene state may be exacerbated by suspension of water supply.

GAS:
It is the lethal situation that we cannot use heating in the depth of winters.
We can substitute the gas for cooking with charcoal and cassette gas.

Electricity:
The modern society is dependent on electricity.
All electrification houses are serious in a blackout.

Communication:
A cellular phone and the Internet are important in the modern society.
Because a public telephone decreased in Japan, the importance of the cellular phone increased.

Traffic:
The public transport is a mainstay.
A company and the school are confused when suspended in half day.
When a signal stops, the road is congested very much.

Others:
When ATM and a credit card stop, economy is delayed.
If distribution stops, food and daily necessities run low.







Antidisaster headquarter


災害対策本部

Headquarters function (Antidisaster headquarter)

When a disaster occurs, antidisaster headquarter is installed in the organization.

In the case of the training, a chief acts as Division Director anti-disaster measures.
However, there may not be the chief when a disaster occurred
A chief may be hurt.

The antidisaster headquarter should be able to apply it in impromptu composition.
It is a good thing to be flexible.
BCP with the resilience is excellent.

Man power and the supplies are short after a disaster occurred.
You must clear it up from an urgent matter.
Lifesaving, a food supply, a lavatory, a communication adjustment are them.

The antidisaster headquarter may not afford to give detailed instructions.
The headquarters should entrust the adaptation to circumstances of the on-site staff.
It is necessary to share a policy with the headquarters among the staffs.


 A specially installed page of the antidisaster headquarter



安否確認

A shelter

The person who received a disaster runs away to the shelter.

The shelter is not built exclusively for refuge.

Because it is usually a school, an evacuee is unsuitable for a living.

An evacuee is not only local residents, and a tourist and a worker take refuge.

As for Hokkaido earthquake of 2018, a tourist became an evacuee.

The specially installed page of the shelter



安否確認

Survival confirmation

It is not easy to confirm the safety of the person of the having not heard from.

A staff is busy at the disaster.
Fire fighting and a food supply are given priority to.
There is not time contacting it one by one.
The home visit is very difficult to be accompanied with a matter of time and the risk of the staff.

The survival confirmation in the local community is not easy, too.
When residents are out, a confirmation method is often cut off.

Let's do the agreement of the survival confirmation method since normal.

 A specially installed page of the survival confirmation.







Disaster training

Disaster training

The fire drill is conducted at a school and a company and a government office.

Because a fire drill is conducted in an elementary school in Japan, many Japanese experience it.

There are a lot of people who do not experience training seriously, but they are worthless at a disaster.



Drill Area Mail

Osaka conducts the email receipt of a message drill that assumed a large-scale disaster every year.

A sample email is the following.



A real Area Mail



○○○○○○○○イメージ

AmpiTa

Because anyone is confused in emergency, we cannot spare the time for survival confirmation.

The labor saving of the survival confirmation work is unavoidable.

AmpiTa can convert a fixed form message (e-Mail) into a list automatically.
Even besides an email, the list registration of fax and the visitor is possible, too.

The manager collates it with a list and can list safety missing person.

Download from Vector website (外部リンク)







Disaster storage

Disaster storage

Because a distribution system is confused by a disaster, the deficiency state of supplies is expected.

Because rolling blackouts were conducted by an East Japan earthquake (2011), a candle and a dry cell ran low.
This was special consumption behavior.

The government limits goods and gets ready for disaster storage.
The individual should get ready for the disaster storage for oneself in own.

The government gives priority to a public works project.
It is shelter establishment, water service restoration, lifesaving, others.

The private disaster storage considers a family and a co-worker.
The family who has a baby stores milk and a diaper.
The allergic patients need an antiallergic meal.

Saitama prefecture delivers a manual book for households.

SAITAMA ITSUMO BO-SAI A disaster prevention manual
[Self-help]
A disaster prevention manual
[A lavatory for families]

SAITAMA ITSUMO BO-SAI



Food

The starvation is stress.
The nutrient is associated with health.
The nutritional deprivation weakens an infection defence and willpower.

The distribution of the food is given at a shelter.
The food has to go to the shelter to get it even if you stand by at home.
It is necessary to go to the shelter even if a road is flooded.

Do you line up in the line three times a day?

Can the healthcare worker get a food?
Does not the city hall give priority to the food of the patients?

Our recommendation is rolling stock (running stock).

The storage in the family
(Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)
A list of storage food for families
(Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)
Slightly much stock of food.
(Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)

A food storage guide for families for emergency (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)



給油

Fuel & Heat source

The lack of fuel is a problem of every time at the disaster.

The residents of the stricken area are troubled with fuel.

In the principle, the disaster supporter brings the fuel of own.
The disaster supporter cannot carry the fuel for a thing of suffering residents.

As for the gasoline, a distribution system and a store are private businesses.
Because there is little contribution of the government, we are dependent on a private effort.

As for the heat source of the cooking, cassette gas and charcoal are usable.
The handling of the cassette gas is convenient and safety.

We do a research using cassette gas.
We resisted a 52-hour blackout.


Cassette gas generator
(Carrying type)
Gasoline 12V generator
(Carrying type)
Fíre extìnguisher
     
100V is the same as a commercial power supply.
It provides for load of 900VA.
We have used it consecutively for 52 hours.
We are the same as an automotive 12V outlet.
We can use USB5V, too.
The fire extinguisher is needed for the family.
If fires occur frequently, the fire engine does not arrive.
A self-defense plan protects a house.

バナースペース

AmpiTa Project

www.ampita.net




医療設備研究班が52時間の停電被災~備えと対応実践~ 太陽光発電とカセットガス発電機HONDA "enepo" (エネポ) 電気工事士免状取得25年、療養住環境や医療福祉設備の停電対策を研究してきたAmpiTa研究班が被災。研究成果の活用や失敗を紹介します。